How do we measure CO2 emissions?
We measure CO2 emissions on the basis of the companies’ different areas of activity. These areas of activity are referred to as ‘scopes’.
Scope 1This covers the CO2 that companies emit through their own facilities, including buildings, production facilities or company vehicles.
Scope 2This covers the indirect CO2 emissions from the energy used by companies for operations and production – for example, electric and district eating.
This covers other indirect CO2 emissions that are not covered by scope 2.
Scope 3 includes the climate impact of e.g. the company’s products and services and the distribution and use of the company’ products. In many cases, the calculation of scope 3 is based on estimates that tke iunto account the company’s size, its business activities or the sector average. A large part of the companies’ CO2 emissions are produced outside the companies’ own activities.
Examples of CO2 emissions within scope 3:
- assignment and distribution of raw materials
- assignment and distribution of products
- waste generated by production
- work-related travel
- employee travel between their home and work
- resource consumption of the products
- disposal of waste